The phalanx formation is an Ancient Greek term for a block-like infantry formation. Hoplites were organised into regiments or lokhoi (several hundred men strong), and they fought in ranks eight or more men deep (known as a phalanx), and standing close together, half of the shield of one man protected his neighbour on his left side. Phalanx A Fourierite community; a phalanstery. Phalanges are connected to each other at hinge-like inter phalangeal joints that can be used for either flexion or extension. Phalanx (Gr. phalanx - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. phalanx definition: 1. a large group of people standing very close to each other, usually for the purposes of defence…. Definition of phalanx noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. sarissa f (genitive sarissae); first declension. Phalanx definition: A phalanx is a group of soldiers or police who are standing or marching close together... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples phalanx /ˈfælæŋks/ n (pl phalanxes, phalanges /fæˈlændʒiːz/) an ancient Greek and Macedonian battle formation of hoplites presenting long spears from behind a wall of overlapping shields any closely … The phalanx is a Greek invention that would come to define Greek warfare for much of the 7th-4th centuries. The age of the phalanx may be traced back to Sumeria in the 25th century BCE, through Egypt, and finally appearing in Greek literature through Homer in the 8th century BCE (and since has been generally associated with Greek warfare strategy, … Definition of Phalanx. The word phalanx comes from the Greeks, though they were not the only ones who used this formation. The maniple was fluid, with each maniple led by centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example. Phalanx (plural: phalanges) refers to the bones found in fingers, toes, paws, wings, hooves and fins of animals.These are long bones whose length exceeds their breadth. Fully developed by the ancient Greeks, it survived in modified form into the gunpowder era and is viewed today as the beginning of European military development. The Greek term literally means "log" and was used for both this line of battle and for a bone in a finger or toe. Another theory, proposed by Christopher Matthew, suggests that on certain occasions the hoplites would only space a foot and a half apart. The singular form is phalanx, not phalange. ς) were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields.Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation to be effective in war with fewer soldiers. that accounts for their being shorter. First-declension noun. 1. n. A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. The phalanx was much more rigid, but overwhelmingly powerful in a frontal assault. [5] A Greek phalanx, typically eight men deep. Phalanx Definition. ges (fā'langks, fă-langks'; fă-lan'jis; -jēz), Avoid the misspelling phalynx. In the early stages of development during the 7th and 6th centuries the phalanx would have light troops mixed with the hoplites, these light troops would include peltasts, slingers, archers, or a mixture thereof. noun Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a … The brand name of a radar-controlled rapid fire 20mm Gatling-type machine gun, the Phalanx CIWS… — English word, define in Dutch — phalanx n. phalanx (mv: phalanges) - teenkootje; elk van de botjes in de teen. phalanx, ancient Greek formation of infantry. The term can also refer more generally to a wall of separate parts which forms a whole unit, and it is in this sense that it fits the fictional alien race. However, the thumb and large toe have only two phalanges The soldiers were arrayed in rows (8 or 16), with arms at the ready, making a solid block that could sweep bristling through the more dispersed ranks of the enemy. Declension . As nouns the difference between greek and phalanx is that greek is nonsense writing or talk; gibberish while phalanx is a large group of people, animals or things, compact or closely massed, or tightly knit and united in common purpose. Designed to be a point defense system, it is the first effective design able to shoot down most anti-ship missiles, including High-g Maneuvering sea skimmer missiles. The Phalanx: Throughout the history of warfare, commanders and generals have created many different military formations to suit the battlefield needs of the day. However, it would be extremely difficult for a group of soldiers to fight with long spears in such close proximity to one and other (Kagan and Varggio, 140). A long pike used in the traditional Greek phalanx formation. It was a formation of  heavily armored hoplites arranged in an eight-man deep line. A 20mm 6 barreled anti-missile CIWS (close-in weapons system) mounted on aircraft carriers and other ships. Another word for phalanx. The maniple was fluid, with each maniple led by centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example. Did You Know? noun plural phalanxes or phalanges (fæˈlændʒiːz) an ancient Greek and Macedonian battle formation of hoplites presenting long spears from behind a wall of overlapping shields any closely ranked unit or mass of people the police formed a phalanx to protect the embassy a number of people united for a common purpose Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary A "phalanx" in ancient Greece was a military formation composed of are arranged in ranks suggesting the military formation. The basic Greek formation was made more flexible by Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander III the Great. The phalanx was much more rigid, but overwhelmingly powerful in a frontal assault. The ancient Greek formation for heavy infantry, which won for itself a reputation of invincibility. A "phalanx" in ancient Greece was a military formation composed of heavily armed troops in close deep ranks. The phalanx is a Greek invention that would come to define Greek warfare for much of the 7th-4th centuries. Most subscribe to the 3 foot formation allowing each member of the Phalanx enough room to operate. The soldiers were arrayed in rows (8 or 16), with arms at the ready, making a solid block that could sweep bristling through the more Phalanx prop.n. Noun . There are several key differences in the formations. There are several key differences in the formations. phalanx, ancient Greek formation of infantry. A Greek phalanx charging into battle, as peltasts throw spears over the heads of the hoplites. ... Rate this definition: phalanx. The term is of Greek origin, φάλαγξ (phalanx), which was used for the defensive formation used by the Hoplites, which constituted the classical phalanx. These hoplites would be armed with an eight foot long spear, a short sword, and their namesake – the hoplon shield. Definition of phalanx in the Definitions.net dictionary. Originally employed by the Spartans, it was developed by Epaminondas of Thebes (d. fā'lăngks', făl'ăngks' The definition of a phalanx is a community or group of people who are close or united for a purpose. ancient greek helmet - phalanx stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men. Terms of Use. Definition of Phalanx. All Free. An example of a phalanx is a group of friends huddled together for warmth. phalanx was a formidable group that was difficult to penetrate. Learn more. Phalanx: Anatomically, any one of the bones in the fingers 1. Designed to be a point defense system, it is the first effective design able to shoot down most anti-ship missiles, including High-g Maneuvering sea skimmer missiles. the Greek philosopher-scientist Aristotle (384-322 BC) because they 1. Phalanges are connected to each other at hinge-like inter phalangeal joints that can be used for either flexion or extension. The singular form is phalanx, not phalange. ; noun Anatomy A bone of a finger or toe. The bones in the fingers and toes were first called "phalanges" by A phalanx is a group of soldiers or police who are standing or marching close together ready to fight. One of the long bones of the digits, 14 in number for each hand or foot, including two for the thumb or great toe, and three each for the other four digits; designated as proximal, middle, and distal, beginning from the metacarpus. The system was used by city states, who often fought each other. Upon his death, his son, Alexander, took over Macedon and with the powerful phalanx and army developed by Philip, Alexander went on to conquer the Persian empire. A phalanx is a tightly knit group of people or things, like an army troop or a bunch of fans of the same band. phalanx, ancient Greek formation of infantry. Definition of Phalanx. The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: Μακεδονική φάλαγξ) is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and other armies. Read More on This Topic The term phalanx in the archaic period The term phalanx is old in the literature of the ancient Greece. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Phalanx The phalanx is a Greek invention that would come to define Greek warfare for much of the 7th-4th centuries. phalanx (plural phalanxes or phalanges) (historical, plural phalanxes) An ancient Greek and Macedonian military unit that consisted of several ranks and files (lines) of soldiers in close array with joined shields and long spears. A phalanx was a formidable group that was difficult to penetrate. Skeleton, Hand, Wrist Is Composed Of The Bones Of The Carpus, The Hand Includes The Metacarpuses, The … Find more ways to say phalanx, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Originally employed by the Spartans, it was developed by Epaminondas of Thebes (d. 362 B.C. It was a formation of heavily armored hoplites arranged in an eight-man deep line. Abounds in Homer and although less frequently is found throughout this time. phalanx translation in English-Arabic dictionary. to shoulder, several rows deep, often with their shields joined. A A 20mm 6 barreled anti-missile CIWS (close-in weapons system) mounted on aircraft carriers and other ships. The soldiers were arrayed in rows (8 or 16), with arms at the ready, making a solid block that could sweep bristling through the more dispersed ranks of the enemy. Phalanx - The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ; plural phalanxes or phalanges, φάλαγγες, phalanges) was a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spear This style of fighting would be impractical and very difficult for a line of men to fight with for it offers little in the way of versatility. The soldiers were arrayed in rows (8 or 16), with arms at the ready, making a solid block that could sweep bristling through the more n phalanx In Gr. "The Grecian phalanx , moveless as a tower." / ˈfæl.æŋks / plural phalanges or phalanxes phalanx noun [C] (GROUP OF PEOPLE) [ + sing/pl verb ] a large group of people standing very close to each other, usually for the purposes of defense or attack: The Greek hoplites (heavy infantry) were armed with spears, swords, or similar weapons.The mass of infantry marched forward as one entity against opponents. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men. A phalanx is a tightly knit group of people or things, like an army troop or a bunch of fans of the same band. Athens had a system of compulsory military service for 18-20 year olds, but during a war all male citizens up to the age of 60 could be called up to the armed forces. 2. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. The word and its senses passed into Latin … Another word for phalanx. Drawing. Antiq) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. "In cubic phalanx firm advanced." phalanx n. Meaning of phalanx. These hoplites would be armed with an eight foot long spear, a short sword, and … (historical sociology) A Fourierite utopian community; a phalanstery. With this army he easily defeated Greek phalanx armies and was able to gain political power over Greece. From Ancient Greek σάρισσα (sárissa), alternative forms of σάρῑσα (sárÄ«sa). ; from The Century Dictionary. Phalanx, in military science, tactical formation consisting of a block of heavily armed infantry standing shoulder to shoulder in files several ranks deep. A Greek phalanx charging into battle, as peltasts throw spears over the heads of the hoplites. The brand name of a radar-controlled rapid fire 20mm Gatling-type machine gun, the Phalanx CIWS (pronounced see-wiz), deployed on U.S. Navy ships as a last line of … (Military) an ancient Greek and Macedonian battle formation of hoplites presenting long spears from behind a wall of overlapping shields 2. any closely ranked unit or mass of people: the police formed a phalanx to protect the embassy. home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / phalanx definition. and toes. These hoplites would be armed with an eight foot long spear, a short sword, and their namesake – the hoplon shield. antiquity, in general, the whole of the heavy-armed infantry of an army; particularly, a single grand division of that class of troops when formed in ranks and files close and deep, with their shields joined and long spears overlapping one another so as to present a firm and serried front to a foe. phalanx, ancient Greek formation of infantry. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Hoplite Phalanx. 1. from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition. 1. n, pl phalanxes or phalanges (fæˈlændʒiːz) 1. ). 1. n. A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. Proper noun. It was a formation of heavily armored hoplites arranged in an eight-man deep line. (the proximal, middle, and distal phalanx) in most of the fingers ‘A calcined distal first phalanx was recovered from Unit B, Level 2, while Unit E, Level 4 contained a calcined distal third phalanx.’ More example sentences ‘Two specimens, a distal two-thirds of a central metapodial and a complete proximal phalanx, are those of a large felid.’ noun A compact or close-knit body of people. The soldiers stood shoulder Find more ways to say phalanx, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. The soldiers stood shoulder to shoulder, several rows deep, often with their shields joined. (Plural: phalanges.) Nevertheless, by the 5th and 4th centuries these troops were removed from the now purely hoplite phalanx and were moved to the front of the formation or to the sides to skirmish with the opposing force before the hoplites would engage. See additional information. Definition of Phalanx. en Nyctosaurus is the only known pterosaur to have lost its clawed "fingers", with the exception of the wing finger (of which, however, the fourth phalanx was lost), which is likely to have impaired its movement on the ground, leading scientists to conjecture that it spent almost all of its time on the wing and rarely landed. Alexander’s core unit in the phalanx was the syntagma, normally 16 men deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men. noun In Gr. Hypothetically speaking, this could work, but what would happen if one man faced a threat to his left and the other on his right? phalanx definition in English dictionary, phalanx meaning, synonyms, see also 'phalange',phalanger',phalangeal',Phalangist'. One of these is the phalanx. — English words, define in French — phalanx n. (pluriel : phalanxes) Phalange (armée). Author and trained hoplite martial artist, Allen Pittman suggests that the hoplites fought with their shields overlapping while holding onto the arm strap of the man next to him. Medicine - Anatomy - Musculoskeletal system - Skeleton - Hand and foot. There are 3 phalanges Proper noun. The formation discouraged the soldiers from acting alone, for this would compromise the formation and minimize its strengths. ; noun A formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears, developed by Philip II of Macedon and used by Alexander the Great. The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: Μακεδονική φάλαγξ) is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and other armies. How to use phalanx in a sentence. The formation discouraged the soldiers from acting alone, for this would compromise the formation and minimize its strengths. Other city-states followed a si… Phalanx definition: A phalanx is a group of soldiers or police who are standing or marching close together... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Phalanx definition is - a body of heavily armed infantry in ancient Greece formed in close deep ranks and files; broadly : a body of troops in close array. or toes. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men. Hoplites (HOP-lytes) (Ancient Greek: ὁπλίτης) were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields.Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation to be effective in war with fewer soldiers. heavily armed troops in close deep ranks. A short introductory video about on ancient Greek hoplite and phalanx.Music: Wet by Michett The term phalanx is a rectangular military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, or similar weapons, particularly in Ancient Greek warfare. Phalanx Definition. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Phalanx (plural: phalanges) refers to the bones found in fingers, toes, paws, wings, hooves and fins of animals.These are long bones whose length exceeds their breadth. A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary. Picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms, see also '! Gain political power over Greece formation discouraged the soldiers stood shoulder to shoulder, several rows,... Frontal assault ) ; first declension phalanx: Anatomically, any one of the hoplites their shields.. Throughout this time, usually for the purposes of defence… ( pluriel: phalanxes phalange! FæˈLændʒiːZ ) 1 only space a foot and a half apart, for would! - Skeleton - Hand and foot easily defeated Greek phalanx charging into battle, as peltasts throw spears the..., phalangeal ', phalangeal ', Phalangist ' that can be used for either flexion extension. 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Armée ) Macedon and his son, Alexander III the Great on this Topic singular..., any one of the English Language, 5th Edition foot formation allowing each member of the or... By centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example a pike! To provide targeted advertising and track usage a phalanx was the syntagma, normally 16 men deep a! Their being shorter soldiers from acting alone, for this would compromise the formation discouraged the soldiers acting... ' ; fă-lan'jis ; -jēz ), alternative forms of σάρῑσα ( «! By centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example much more rigid, but overwhelmingly powerful a. Maniple led by centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example see also 'phalange,..., with each maniple led by centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example with. In ranks and files close and deep maniple led by centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead example... Frontal assault each other at hinge-like inter phalangeal joints that can be used for either flexion or.. Together for warmth advertising and track usage is an ancient Greek σάρισσα ( )...